The level of medical improvements in the last 50 years, thanks to higher research and technological advancements, has been absolutely staggering and each day that goes by we learn a little more about the human body and the dangers that they are presented with. In order to better understand disease and physical conditions, medicine has splintered into a series of highly specific branches which focusses solely on each part and function of the body. How many of the branches of medicine that exist do you know? Let’s take a look at just some of the branches which there are.
Cancer is a brutal disease which takes far too many lives and is reported to affect one in three people in some capacity. Oncology is the branch of medicine which is dedicated to the research and treatment of cancer and tumors and oncologists like James A Cannon spend their days trying to help cure, treat and manage patient’s who are suffering from this terrible disease.
Cardiology is the study of the heart and the treatment of diseases relating to it. The heart is one of the single most important organs in the body and it is far more than just 2 ventricles and 2 atriums. The study of cardiology focusses on the workings of the heart as well as the impacts which other organs and diseases can have on the function of the heart.
Pathology is the study of disease and the effect, the cases and the nature of disease which means that it is a branch of medicine which has to cover a great deal of ground. Within pathology you will find specialists who focus on individual conditions but the study on the whole is to look at each and every disease which can affect the human body.
Anesthesiology is the study of agents which are required to be used for patients that induce a lack of sensation or a lack of consciousness. This is a highly specialized area of medicine as it is used across the board in terms of diseases and treatments. Anesthesiologists must take into account a wide variety of factors before administering an agent to a patient and they must have a 100% success rate to ensure that the patient is completely numb to sensation or completely unconscious whilst treatments are being carried out.
Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the secretion of hormones. There are a wide range of different diseases and ailments which affect or are affected by the endocrine glands and the specialists who work in this field cover a wide variety of different conditions. Anything from diabetes, thyroid issues or hormone imbalances are looked by endocrinologists and they play an important role in the fighting of a number of diseases.
These are just a handful of the almost 100 different branches of specializations within medicine.